zookeeper单机和集群部署 - 开发说
当前位置: 主页 » Zookeeper » zookeeper单机和集群部署

zookeeper单机和集群部署

      2020年11月08日   阅读 290 次     0 评论   

官方文档上这么解释zookeeper,它是一个分布式服务框架,是Apache Hadoop 的一个子项目,它主要是用来解决分布式应用中经常遇到的一些数据管理问题,如:统一命名服务、状态同步服务、集群管理、分布式应用配置项的管理等。

上面的解释有点抽象,简单来说zookeeper=文件系统+监听通知机制。

一、zookeeper单机部署


1、依赖环境,zookeeper是Java编写的依赖于Java环境
[root@zk01 ~]# yum install install java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel -y

2、下载zookeeper并部署
[root@zk01 ~]# wget http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/zookeeper/zookeeper-3.6.2/apache-zookeeper-3.6.2.tar.gz
[root@zk01 ~]# tar xf apache-zookeeper-3.6.2.tar.gz
[root@zk01 ~]# mv apache-zookeeper-3.6.2 /data/
[root@zk01 ~]# cd /data/zookeeper-3.6.2
[root@zk01 ~]# cp conf/zoo_sample.cfg conf/zoo.cfg

3、修改zookeeper配置文件
[root@zk01 conf]# vi zoo.cfg

# The number of milliseconds of each tick
tickTime=2000
# The number of ticks that the initial 
# synchronization phase can take
initLimit=10
# The number of ticks that can pass between 
# sending a request and getting an acknowledgement
syncLimit=5
# the directory where the snapshot is stored.
# do not use /tmp for storage, /tmp here is just 
# example sakes.
#修改数据目录
dataDir=/data/zookeeper-3.6.2/zookeeper_data
# the port at which the clients will connect
clientPort=2181
# the maximum number of client connections.
# increase this if you need to handle more clients
#maxClientCnxns=60
#
# Be sure to read the maintenance section of the 
# administrator guide before turning on autopurge.
#
# http://zookeeper.apache.org/doc/current/zookeeperAdmin.html#sc_maintenance
#
# The number of snapshots to retain in dataDir
#autopurge.snapRetainCount=3
# Purge task interval in hours
# Set to "0" to disable auto purge feature
#autopurge.purgeInterval=1

## Metrics Providers
#
# https://prometheus.io Metrics Exporter
#metricsProvider.className=org.apache.zookeeper.metrics.prometheus.PrometheusMetricsProvider
#metricsProvider.httpPort=7000
#metricsProvider.exportJvmInfo=true


4、设置环境变量
[root@zk01 ~]# vi /etc/profile.d/env.sh 
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.262.b10-0.el7_8.x86_64/jre/bin
export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/rt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tool.jar
export ZOOKEEPER_HOME=/data/zookeeper-3.6.2
export KAFKA_HOME=/data/kafka-2.6.0
export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:${ZOOKEEPER_HOME}/bin:${ZOOKEEPER_HOME}/sbin:${KAFKA_HOME}/bin

### 加载环境变量
[root@zk01 conf]# source /etc/profile.d/env.sh

5、启动zookeeper软件
[root@zk01 conf]# zkServer.sh start
ZooKeeper JMX enabled by default
Using config: /data/zookeeper-3.6.2/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
Starting zookeeper ... STARTED

###查看zookeeper运行状态
[root@zk01 conf]# zkServer.sh status
ZooKeeper JMX enabled by default
Using config: /data/zookeeper-3.6.2/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
Client port found: 2181. Client address: localhost. Client SSL: false.
Mode: follower
[root@zk01 conf]# jps
22932 Jps
19413 Kafka
22838 QuorumPeerMain

二、zookeeper集群部署


### 1、规划:
204.13.155.226   zk01   centos7
147.135.114.60  zk02    centos7
80.83.124.76    zk03    centos7

### 2、把规划写入到hosts文件
[root@zk01 conf]# vi /etc/hosts
204.13.155.226   zk01
147.135.114.60  zk02
80.83.124.76    zk03

### 3、修改三台zookeeper服务器的配置文件
[root@zk01 conf]# vi zoo.cfg 
# The number of milliseconds of each tick
tickTime=2000
# The number of ticks that the initial 
# synchronization phase can take
initLimit=10
# The number of ticks that can pass between 
# sending a request and getting an acknowledgement
syncLimit=5
# the directory where the snapshot is stored.
# do not use /tmp for storage, /tmp here is just 
# example sakes.
dataDir=/data/zookeeper-3.6.2/zookeeper_data
# the port at which the clients will connect
clientPort=2181
# the maximum number of client connections.
# increase this if you need to handle more clients
#maxClientCnxns=60
#
# Be sure to read the maintenance section of the 
# administrator guide before turning on autopurge.
#
# http://zookeeper.apache.org/doc/current/zookeeperAdmin.html#sc_maintenance
#
# The number of snapshots to retain in dataDir
#autopurge.snapRetainCount=3
# Purge task interval in hours
# Set to "0" to disable auto purge feature
#autopurge.purgeInterval=1

## Metrics Providers
#
# https://prometheus.io Metrics Exporter
#metricsProvider.className=org.apache.zookeeper.metrics.prometheus.PrometheusMetricsProvider
#metricsProvider.httpPort=7000
#metricsProvider.exportJvmInfo=true

#加入以下三行:
server.1=zk01:2888:3888
server.2=zk02:2888:3888
server.3=zk03:2888:3888

### 4、启动三台zookeeper服务器并查看状态
[root@zk01 conf]# zkServer.sh status
ZooKeeper JMX enabled by default
Using config: /data/zookeeper-3.6.2/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
Client port found: 2181. Client address: localhost. Client SSL: false.
Mode: follower

[root@zk03 ~]# zkServer.sh status
ZooKeeper JMX enabled by default
Using config: /data/zookeeper-3.6.2/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
Client port found: 2181. Client address: localhost. Client SSL: false.
Mode: follower

[root@zk02 ~]# zkServer.sh status
ZooKeeper JMX enabled by default
Using config: /data/zookeeper-3.6.2/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
Client port found: 2181. Client address: localhost. Client SSL: false.
Mode: leader


可以看出zk02为leader,zk01和zk03为follower状态

三、至此zookeeper单机和集群部署完毕。

  • 版权声明:本文版权归开发说和原作者所有,未经许可不得转载。文章部分来源于网络仅代表作者看法,如有不同观点,欢迎进行交流。除非注明,文章均由 开发说 整理发布,欢迎转载,转载请带版权。

  • 来源:开发说 ( https://www.kaifashuo.com/ ),提供主机优惠信息深度测评和服务器运维编程技术。
  • 链接:https://www.kaifashuo.com/2284.html
  • 评论(0

    1. 还没有任何评论,你来说两句吧

    发表评论

    您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注